|Location:||Villa Celimontana, Rome, Italy [South of Colosseo]|
|Pharaoh:||Ramses II (The 19th Dynasty, reigned B.C. 1304-1237)|
Provenance: This obelisk is one of the pair, the companion is in Piazza Rotonda, which was originally erected in front of the Temple of Ra in Heliopolis, a northeastern suburb of current Cairo.
The pair obelisks were carried to Iseum, the Temple of Isis in the ancient Rome and erected there. But it is unknown what happened after that, since the people lost the interetst in the obelisk.
In 14th century, this obelisk stood at the east of Santa Maria in Aracoeli on the Capitoline hill (Monte Capitolino). And this has been standing there for about 100 years, but seemed to have toppled and moved out somewhere. Then, Duke called Ciriaco Mattei obtained this obelisk from the Senators of Rome as a present in late 16th century (in 1582? 1584?), and erected it in his Villa at Celimontana. But the Villa was devastated and the obelisk seemed to have toppled again in the 18th century. Then, the Spanish statesman Manuel de Godoy (1767-1851) temporarily stayed in this Villa, and restored the ruin. The obelisk was re-erected in 1820 (Other source says 1817) by him at the place where stands here at present.
How To Get There: This obelisk is probably the most difficult one to get there. Although there are two entrances for the park of Villa Celimontana, but I would recommend to use the gate next to Santa Maria in Dominica [#4 in the map, See picture] on Via della Navicella (or Via Claudia).
Also, it's 10-15-minute walk from Lateran Obelisk (Obelisco Lateranense).
|Metro Station (Subway Line B) "Circo Massimo".|
|Metro Station (Subway Line B) "Colosseo". Towards the Santa Maria in Dominica through Via Claudia.|
|Here is a famous Colosseo.|
|Santa Maria in Dominica.
It's about 10-minute walk from Colosseo Station. The entrance [See picture] for Villa Celimontana is made by stone arch, left next to Santa Maria in Dominica.
After entering Villa Celimontana, take a small path left side, then you probably discover it at about 200 meters ahead.
Back to the list for all the obelisks.
The series of these pages were produced by
Shoji Okamoto (Mr.)